The Pamukkale Thermal Pools
Pamukkale Thermal Pools is a natural hot water spring site in Turkey. Pamukkale means cotton castle in Turkish (Pamukkale is made up of rock deposits from hot springs). It is also an UNESCO world heritage site it is located in Denizli Province in Turkey.
There are 17 hot water springs that reaches the terraces the temperature of the spring water varies from 35-100 ◦C. Some of the place is made up of Limestone calcium carbonate from the water reaches the surface because of the underground volcanic activity then the spring water reaches the terraces of Pamukkale and deposits calcium carbonate on it initially it is soft and gelatinous but it soon gets harden.
The amount of calcium carbonate deposits in the pool are affected by weather and flow of water. Pamukkale is a famous tourist spot in Turkey. Many people from different parts of the world come to visit this place. In some of the pools tadpoles can also be found.
The place also has a museum in which various artifacts are present. There are few other open artifacts made up of stones and marbles are present. There are also remains of the ancient city of Hierapolis.
Most of the Pamukkale Thermal Pools are natural however in 1960s many hotel owners used the natural hot water from the springs and transferred it in their own pools due to which many pools were damaged. After the area was declared as world heritage site hotels and the roads were destroyed and were replaced with some artificial pools.
However now the supply to the hotel is now minimized and it is also and visits to some pools are now prohibited. But still there are some pools which are open to public but there are certain restrictions like people cannot wear shoes in the pool.
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