10 Strange Deep Sea Creatures
The deep sea harbors life forms which are very different compared to the life form on the sea surface. Here is the list of 10 strange Deep Sea Creatures
Blobfish is a deep sea fish. This fish is an inhabitant of deep water off the coasts of Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania. Blobfish lives at a depth of 600-1200 meters due to which it has gelatinous mass with a density less than water which allows the fish to float freely. The blobfish appears completely different outside the water due to decompression which occurs when it is brought to the surface.
Goblin shark is deep sea shark species which lives at a depth of 270 to 960 meters (890-3150 feet). This shark is about 3-4 meters (10 to 13 ft long) and has a long snout which is helps the shark to detect its prey nearby. Goblin shark can rapidly extend its jaw to capture its prey. It mostly feeds on smalls fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans.
8. Frilled shark
Frilled shark is a species of deep sea shark which can live up to 1570 m (5150 ft) deep. This shark has a eel like body and can reach up to 2 m (6.6 ft) in length. This shark has flexible jaw and needle like teeth which makes it difficult for its prey to escape. Frilled shark is rarely caught alive and is often is by catch in commercial fishing.
7. Anglerfish (Sea Devil)
Anglerfish (Sea Devil) is a deep sea fish which has a horn like lure which projects from the fish’s head and is bioluminescent. The largest species Kroyer’s deep sea angler fish can reach 1.2 m (3.9 ft) in length whereas the male species is much smaller measuring only 14 cm (5.5 in). The anglerfish uses its bioluminescent projection to attract its prey.
6. Vampire squid
Vampire squid is a deep sea cephalopod species living at a depth of 600 to 900 meters. This squid species can grow up to 30 cm (1 ft) and hit can eject bioluminescent material to confuse its predator. It also has bioluminescent photophores on its body. Due to depth at which this species live it has developed the ability to survive in low oxygen environment.
Viperfish is a deep sea fish living at a depth of 80 to 1520 m (250 to 5000 ft). The viperfish grows up to 30 to 60 cm in length. Viperfish attracts its prey from bioluminescent organ called as photophores. It has fang like teeth which helps the fish to catch its prey. Viperfish may live up to 30 to 40 years in wild.
4. Gulper eel
Gulper eel also known as pelican eel is a deep sea fish which lives a depth of 500 to 3000 m (1600 to 9800 ft). This fish is 0.75 m (2.5 ft) in length and has a very large mouth compared to its body which helps this fish to swallow prey which are much larger than it. Gulper eel expels additional water from its gills while swallowing its prey.
Chimaera is deep sea fish which lives up to depth of 2600 m (8500 ft)l. The Chimaera can grow up to 150 cm in length. Chimaera uses electroreception to find its prey and have a venomous spine for self defense. The closest relatives of Chimaera are sharks.
2. Fangtooth fish
Fangtooth fish is a deep sea fish living at a depth of 200 to 2000 m (660 to 6560 ft). This fish is around 6.3 inches long and has large fang like tooth and has largest teeth compared to its body. It feeds on small fish and squids.
1. Barreleye fish
Barreleye fish is a deep sea fish which lives at a depth of 400-2500 m. This fish has unusual barrel-shaped tubular eyes. This fish uses its tubular eyes to detect silhouettes of its prey. The eye like projections are actually fish’s nostrils and its eyes are located behind.
Which deep sea creatures do you think is the strangest?
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